The main cause of these diseases is bacterial plaque, a sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth. If plaque is not removed on a daily basis it can turn into a hard substance called calculus (tartar). When plaque and calculus are not removed the bacteria in plaque produce toxins (or poisons) that can destroy the supporting tissues and bone around the teeth .As the diseases progress, the gum around the tooth becomes loose and separates away from the tooth resulting in deep areas called pockets. As these pockets deepen, more gum tissue and bone are destroyed and the teeth eventually become loose. If periodontal diseases are not treated, the teeth may need to be removed.
Dental Cleaning by a dentist or dental hygienist (prophylaxis / scaling)
All the deposits which are harmful for your teeth are removed with the help of curettes and ultrasonic devices. There are 2 methods of scaling:
Here certain fine instruments called hand scalers are used to remove the harmful deposits from your teeth.
Here a specialized instrument called an ultrasonic scaler is used which oscillates at vibrations of almost 25,000 to 40,000 Hertz with a water spray Various tips are available depending on the areas to be scaled.
With the help of curettes and ultrasonic devices, all the deposits which are harmful for your teeth are removed and your roots are cleaned to speed up the healing process.
Is it true that getting scaling done loosens the teeth and increases sensitivity?
While there is no truth in that the teeth become loose after professional cleaning of teeth with minimal deposits over the teeth, one may see mobility or loosening of teeth where there are plenty of deposits.
In such cases, there is bone loss and the space which was earlier occupied by bone is now occupied by harmful deposits and the teeth appear to be firm. But after cleaning due to removal of deposits the support is lost and the teeth appeared to have become loose.