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The word periodontal literally means around the tooth. Periodontal diseases also known as gum diseases are some of the most common infections in the world next to respiratory infections. One major problem is that periodontal disease is usually painless, with few obvious symptoms in its early stages. If left untreated, periodontal disease can eventually result in tooth loss. In fact, periodontal diseases are now the leading cause of tooth loss in adults. Despite the number of people infected with this disease, most believe they don't have them.
Despite all these facts, periodontal diseases are also oneof the most preventable diseases, you need to understand what causes them, practice good oral health habits and seek regular professional case.
A periodontist is a dentist who specializes in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of periodontal (GUM) disease. Periodontists receive extensive training, including three additional years of education to complete the Master of dental Surgery (MDS) in the speciality beyond the 5 years of Bachelors degree in dental surgery (BDS). Periodontists are familiar with the latest techniques for diagnosing and treating periodontal disease. In addition, they can perform cosmetic periodontal procedures to help you achieve the smile you desire.
The main cause of these diseases is bacterial plaque, a sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth. If plaque is not removed on a daily basis it can turn into a hard substance called calculus (tartar). When plaque and calculus are not removed, the bacteria in plaque produce toxins (or poisons) that can destroy the supporting tissues and bone around the teeth .As the diseases progress, the gums around the tooth becomes loose and separates away from the tooth resulting in deep areas called pockets. As these pockets deepen, more gum tissue and bone are destroyed and the teeth eventually become loose. If periodontal diseases are not treated, the teeth may need to be removed.
Reddening of gums, bleeding gums, pus draining from the gums, increased spacing between the teeth, loosening of teeth and a recent increase in the length of the teeth are some of the common symptoms of gum disease.
A general dentist or periodontist during regular examinations can easily detect periodontal disease.
A periodontal charting will be performed for all teeth. X rays will also be taken to see the extent of bone damage that has occurred.
The good news is that periodontal disease is preventable and treatable if diagnosed at the right time. We at Vivanta Clinics, provide you with professional care in our office and instructions on proper home care.
The goal of periodontal treatment is to control any infection that exists and to halt progression of the disease.